Testicular cancer is cancer that develops in the testicles, a part of the male reproductive system. Symptoms may include a lump in the testicle, or swelling or pain in the scrotum. Treatment may result in infertility.
- Painless lump in the testicle.
- Swelling of the testicle (with or without pain) or a feeling of weight in the scrotum
- Little Pain in the testicle, scrotum or groin.
- Tenderness or changes in the male breast tissue
How is testicular cancer treated at each stage?
The three main kinds of treatment for testicular cancer are:
Surgical treatment: This treatment can include removing the testicle and removing associated lymph nodes (lymph-node dissection). Usually, orchiectomy is performed for both seminoma and non-seminoma testicular cancers, whereas lymph node removal is used mostly for non-seminomas. Surgery may also be performed in certain situations to remove tumors from the lungs or liver if they have not disappeared following chemotherapy.
Radiation therapy: This treatment uses high amount of radiation dose to kill cancer cells. Radiation might be used after surgery for patients with seminomas to prevent the tumor from returning. Usually, radiation is limited to the treatment of seminomas.
Chemotherapy: This treatment uses drugs such as different drugs such as cisplatin and etoposide to kill cancer cells. It has improved the survival rate for people with both seminomas and non-seminomas.