Ovarian Cancer

Ovarian cancer is a rare type of cancer that affects less than 1 million people in India every year, but it kills more than any other reproductive cancer. This type of cancer is hard to detect in its early stages.  It is usually detected when it has spread within the abdomen and pelvis, but it is very difficult to treat the cancer at this late stage. Therefore, the best time to treat it is during its early stages.


In ovarian cancer the symptoms will persist and worsen.

Early symptoms are

  • pain or pressure in the pelvis
  • unexpected bleeding from vagina
  • pain in the back or abdomen
  • bloating
  • Frequent urination
  • Constipation


The Doctor may recommend.

Imaging Test – The doctor may recommend following test to diagnose ovarian cancer  transvaginal ultrasound, an MRI scan, or a CT scan.

Laparoscopy – Doctor will insert a thin tube with a camera attached through a small hole in the abdomen, to see the ovaries and perhaps take a tissue sample for a biopsy.

Risk factor

Breast cancer

Patietns who already have diagnose with breast cancer have high chance of getting ovarian cancer.

Hormone therapy

Undergoing hormone replacement therapy (HRT) after menopause appears to increase the risk of ovarian cancer.

Obesity and overweight

Ovarian cancer is more common in people with a body mass index (BMI) of over 30.

Gynecologic surgery

There is  chance of reducing the ovarian cancer Having surgery to remove the uterus, called a hysterectomy, may reduce the risk of ovarian cancer by one-third.


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