Kidney cancer, also known as renal cancer, is a group of cancers that starts in the kidney. The kidneys are two small shaped organs, each size of a fist. They’re located in your abdomen on either side of your spine. The kidneys filter out waste from your blood and make urine. There are different types of cancer that can affect your kidneys.
At first patient will not experience any symptoms related to kidney cancer.Kidney cancer doesn’t usually cause any symptoms in its early stages. As the cancer progresses,
The symptoms may include:-
- persistent back pain
- pain below your ribs
- Blood mix with urine
- Abdominal pain
- Swelling in abdomen
- Lump in the abdomen
- weight loss
When diagnose with kidney cancer depending on how early the cancer is detected and which stage is cancer is diagnosed. According that your doctor will plan your treatment. Your doctor may refer you to a specialist for treatment.
These are the main types of surgery for kidney cancer.
- In Radical Nephrectomy the entire kidney is removed, along with the fat surrounding it. In some cases, the gland and lymph nodes around the kidney are also removed.
- In Simple nephrectomy removes the kidney only.
- In Partial nephrectomy doctor removes the cancer in the kidney along with some tissue around it. This procedure is used for patients with smaller tumors less than 4 cm or in those patients in which a radical nephrectomy might hurt the other kidney.
Differnt types of therapy also used for kidney cancer.
This therapy uses drugs or other substances to find and target cancer cells with less toxicity to normal cells.