Esophageal Cancer

What is esophageal cancer?

Esophageal cancer is cancer which form in the esophagus—the hollow food pipe that runs between the throat and the stomach. Esophageal cancer can occur when a malignant tumor forms in the lining of the esophagus. 

As the tumor grow, it can affect the deep tissues and muscle of the esophagus. A tumor can grow anywhere inside the esophagus  including the lining where the esophagus and the stomach meet.

What are the symptoms of esophageal cancer?

Normally at initial stages you won’t experience any symptoms but as the cancer spread it symptoms can become severe. 

Some are the common symptoms:-

  •  Weight loss
  • Indigestion
  • Heartburn
  • Vomiting
  • Chest pain
  • Fatigue
  • Chronic cough
  • Hiccups

Treatments Include:-

  • Surgery

If the cancer is small and hasn’t spread, your doctor can remove the tumor using a minimally invasive approach, using an endoscope and several small incisions.


Chemotherapy involves the use of drugs to attack cancer cells. It sometimes used alongside radiation therapy. 

Some of the side effect can be

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Pain
  • Hair loss
  • Fatigue


Radiation therapy

Radiation therapy uses beams of radiation to kill cancer cells. 

The side effects of radiation can include:

  • skin that looks sunburned
  • Difficulty or feeling pain  when swallowing
  • Fatigue
  • Ulcers in esophageal


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