Ectopic pregnancy is when a fertilized egg grows outside a woman’s uterus somewhere else in fallopian tube, cervix of the ovaries. It can cause life-threatening bleeding and needs medical care right away. Below are the Ectopic Pregnancy Treatment.
MANAGEMENT AND ECTOPIC PREGNANCY TREATMENT
Depending on the location the treatment can be done.
Medication: If the ectopic surgery is detected early then medication can be sufficient treatment. The aim of medication here is to stop the ectopic mass from bursting.
Laparoscopy: If the fallopian tubes are damaged then laparoscopy is the suitable treatment option.
Laparoscopy is a procedure in which a small & lighted instrument known as the laparoscope is inserted through small incisions made near the abdomen area. The doctor will remove the embryo and also repair the damaged fallopian tubes.
Laparotomy: In extreame cases Laparotomyis done When there is a complete rupture of the fallopian tubes then it is necessary to remove them. In Laparotomy large incision is done near the abdomen. In Laparotomy the incision & recovery time is more compare to laparoscopy
Future pregnancy after treatment & management of an ectopic pregnancy:
In most cases, normal pregnancies are possible after treatment of ectopic pregnancy. Even if one of your fallopian tubes was removed, normal pregnancy is still achievable through the other fallopian tube.
Most of the time egg implants in a fallopian tube. This is called a tubal pregnancy.
Unlike Normal pregnancy Normally, the ovaries release eggs into the fallopian tubes; if the egg gets fertilized then it should move into the uterus, where the egg grows for the next 9 months. But this is not the case in an ectopic pregnancy as the fertilized egg remains in the fallopian tubes (tubal pregnancy), horns of the uterus (cornual pregnancy) or the cervix (cervical pregnancy). Tubal pregnancy is the most common ectopic pregnancy.
This type of pregnancy is very rare. Which can be harmful to the patient. Although, in some cases of tubal pregnancy there are extremely slim chances that the child may survive. Ectopic pregnancies occur in the few weeks of the pregnancy, but doctors usually discover it by the 8th week. However, one can still have a normal and healthy pregnancy in future.
Below are the Ectopic Pregnancy Treatment, Symptoms, Causes , Diagonis and Risk Factors
Following are the causes of ectopic pregnancy:
- Unusually shaped fallopian tubes.
- Inflammation of fallopian tubes.
- Abnormal development of fertilized egg.
- Hormonal imbalance.
Previous Ectopic Pregnancy: If someone has had an ectopic pregnancy in their past they are more likely to have another one, compared to someone who has never had an ectopic pregnancy.
Infection or inflammation: Infection of the uterus, ovaries or fallopian tubes can increase the risk of such type of pregnancy. These infections are generally a result of STDs such as Gonorrhea or Chlamydia. Inflammation of the fallopian tubes is also a risk factor.
Smoking: Smoking just days before getting pregnant adds to chances of having an ectopic pregnancy.
Age: If you are older than 35 years you are more likely to have etopic pregnancy
At first there are no symptoms of ectopic pregnancy and some of the symptoms may be similar to a normal pregnancy like nausea & vomiting.. But sooner or later you might experience symptoms which characterize an ectopic pregnancy:
- Pain due to nausea and vomiting.
- Extreme abdominal cramps.
- Pain on one side of the patient’s body.
- Pain in one’s lower abdomen region, shoulder, neck, or rectum.
Symptoms involving bleeding:
- Light vaginal bleeding.
- Fainting due to blood loss & pain in cases where the fallopian tube raptures.
- Dizziness or weakness due to loss of blood.
- Pelvic pain
If you or your doctor suspects that you have an ectopic pregnancy then your doctor might perform a pelvic check up, although, in order to ascertain such pregnancies your doctor may suggest an ultrasound or blood tests.
Ultrasound: A transvaginal ultrasound is required to ascertain an ectopic pregnancy. In such an ultrasound, the transducer is inserted into the patient’s vaginal opening which results in producing an image of the required organs with help of sound waves.
Blood tests: In certain cases it might be too early to confirm an ectopic pregnancy, hence, the doctor monitor the situation with help of some blood tests and then perform an ultra sound when the time is right.